ES Review. Spanish Journal of English Studies <p style="text-align: justify;"><em><strong>ES REVIEW. SPANISH JOURNAL OF ENGLISH STUDIES</strong></em> <strong>(E-ISSN 2531-1654; P-ISSN 2531-1646)</strong>. A double-blind, peer-reviewed international journal, founded in 1971. It is published annually, both online and in print, by the Department of English at the University of Valladolid.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>ES Review</em> is an <strong>open access</strong> journal. Its contributions are fully accessible through this official website, as well as through the DOAJ, MLA International Bibliography, LION, REDIB, Dialnet and UVaDOC repositories.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The journal is <strong>indexed</strong> in SCOPUS, ERIHPlus, SHERPA-RoMEO, Latindex-Catálogo v2.0, and MIAR, and disseminated by Crossref, ÍnDICEs-CSIC, JournalTOCs, Scilit, and Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory, among other indexing and abstracting services. Find out about the journal's metrics in the upper menu ("About").</p> <p><img style="display: block; margin-left: auto; margin-right: auto;" src="" /></p> Ediciones Universidad de Valladolid en-US ES Review. Spanish Journal of English Studies 2531-1646 <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors retain publishing rights and grant <em>ES Review. Spanish Journal of English Studies</em> right of first publication.</p> <p>Simultaneously, all articles and reviews published in <em>ES Review</em> will be available under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC) license</a>, by which others are allowed to share and use their work with an acknowledgement of the work’s authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>In addition, <em>ES Review</em> allows authors to arrange additional contracts for the non-exclusive publication of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal. In such a case, authors are required to approach the editor(s)/publisher to request permission.</p> Rodrigo Pérez Lorido. Coordinación y elipsis en inglés antiguo Belén Méndez Naya Copyright (c) 2021 Belén Méndez Naya 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 42 305 310 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.305-310 Agustín Coletes Blanco and Alicia Laspra Rodríguez. Romántico país: poesía inglesa del Trienio Liberal Eroulla Demetriou Copyright (c) 2021 Eroulla Demetriou 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 42 311 317 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.311-317 Sarah Parker and Ana Parejo Vadillo, eds. Michael Field: Decadent Moderns Rosario Arias Copyright (c) 2021 Rosario Arias 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 42 319 323 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.319-323 The History of the Seven Wise Mistrisses of Rome (1663) as Children’s Literature: Textual History, Gender and Folktale Motifs <p>This article analyses <em>The History of the Seven Wise Mistrisses of Rome</em>, attributed to Thomas Howard, and traditionally underrated by literary critics and historians as a mere imitation of the <em>Seven Sages</em>, despite its enormous success. The early parts examine the literary and editorial relationship with its source text, and Howard’s prefatory “Epistle.” The latter parts concentrate on the frame story and the fifteen exemplary tales. Special attention is drawn to the gender/feminist issues in the original extension of the frame story, and to the folktale motifs displayed in this compilation, stylistically and thematically conceived to help children improve their reading competence.</p> Tomás Monterrey Copyright (c) 2021 Tomas Monterrey 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 42 11 36 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.11-36 Dickinson’s Prosodic Music: Subtlety and Exuberance <p>This essay explores Dickinson’s prosodic music by evidencing its expressions of subtlety and exuberance. The essay unfolds in four steps. The first step finds the poet’s prosodic music in distinctive word arrangements with these three features: interlaced phonic echoes, the rhythms of short-lined verse where rhyme marks stanzas, and the motions of intonation. The second step instances Dickinson’s prosodic subtlety in one of her envelope poems, “A Pang is more conspicuous in Spring” (Fr1545B). The third step identifies Dickinson’s prosodic exuberance in two of her bee poems, “There is a flower that Bees prefer” (Fr642) and “I suppose the time will come” (Fr1389). In this step, we discern a hermeneutic key to Dickinson’s lyric art: when a sound in the world catches her ear, the poet’s prosodic music intensifies to reflect her enchantment. The essay’s last step applies the hermeneutic key to a superlative sound in Dickinson’s poetry, that of the wind in “Of all the Sounds despatched abroad” (Fr334).</p> Jefferey Simons Copyright (c) 2021 Jefferey Simons 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 42 37 54 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.37-54 Ballads as Vessels for Collective Cultural Memory: A Critical Comparison of Alfred Noyes’s “The Highwayman” and Federico García Lorca’s “Romance sonámbulo” <p>Alfred Noyes’s “The Highwayman” (1906) and Federico García Lorca’s “Romance sonámbulo” (1928), two early twentieth-century ballad poems, serve as literary vessels for the collective memory of historical periods and share aesthetic and narrative similarities. Common images and colors (red, green) also illustrate both texts. The shared imagery calls attention to the ballads’ roles in preserving and transmitting collective memories. This study references the way that ballads stabilize in cultural memory, in line with David Rubin’s assessments of memory and literature in <em>Memory in Oral Traditions </em>(1995), as well as the studies of other scholars (e.g., Benjamin, Boyd, Connerton).</p> Maria C. Fellie Copyright (c) 2021 Maria C. Fellie 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 42 55 79 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.55-79 Spectral Streams of Post-Consciousness in Mike McCormack’s Solar Bones (2016) <p>This article analyses Mike McCormack’s novel <em>Solar Bones</em> (2016) which narrates in a run-on sentence Marcus Conway’s everyday life within the rural context of a 2008 Celtic Tiger Ireland about to collapse. Drawing upon the narratological precepts of experimental writing, especially the use of streams of consciousness, and Derrida’s hauntology, this article argues that McCormack’s novel charts tensions of coherence and collapse in post-Celtic Tiger fiction. The narration takes place within a <em>post</em>- perspective as Marcus’s ghost brings it into existence. The experimentation with streams of post-consciousness and spectrality provides McCormack with valid aesthetic mechanisms to respond in fiction to Celtic Tiger concerns.</p> Asier Altuna-García de Salazar Copyright (c) 2021 Asier Altuna-García de Salazar 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 42 81 103 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.81-103 Reorienting Vulnerability: An Analysis of Deborah Levy’s Hot Milk <p>This article seeks to challenge the traditionally negative connotations of the notion of vulnerability. I propose to approach the concept in dialogue with Giorgio Agamben’s idea of potentiality to demonstrate that both potential and vulnerability can be regarded as transforming and empowering characteristics for the subject. I analyse the protagonist of Deborah Levy’s <em>Hot Milk</em> (2016) under this light to show how a subject can use vulnerability as the fulcrum of freedom and agency, particularly in the context of a problematic mother-daughter relationship. I suggest that understanding vulnerability as potentiality allows a reorientation of our conception of the victim or the vulnerable as subjects in potential power.</p> María Magdalena Flores-Quesada Copyright (c) 2021 María Magdalena Flores-Quesada 2021-11-08 2021-11-08 42 105 125 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.105-125 Modelling through Modality: (Re)shaping Brexit <p>Due to Brexit, the UK has been involved in a continuous political debate between Boris Johnson, the Prime Minister, and Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of the opposition. This paper compares and analyses the modality used in a corpus consisting of their political speeches until Brexit day. Modal verbs are used to express ability, possibility, willingness, certainty, obligation and necessity. Politicians’ choice of certain words can be a useful tool to affect voters’ decisions and modality is a resource which reinforces that influence. The findings show remarkable similarities between both politicians and reveal that possibility is the most frequent meaning of the modal verbs used in the corpus.</p> Aroa Orrequia-Barea Encarnación Almazán Ruiz Copyright (c) 2021 Aroa Orrequia-Barea, Encarnación Almazán Ruiz 2021-11-09 2021-11-09 42 127 153 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.127-153 "For the Dead cannot Shrive me Now”: Gender Violence, Precariousness and the Neo-Victorian Gothic in Katy Darby’s The Whores’ Asylum (2012) <p>Katy Darby’s neo-Victorian novel <em>The Whores’ Asylum </em>(2012) is set in Oxford in the 1880s. The Gothic plays an important role in the process of re-writing the Victorian period as a mirror of our contemporary societies where depravity and lack of humanity co-exist with modernity and civilisation. The protagonists—Stephen, Edward and Diana—are involved in the process of showing sympathy for the lives and deaths of the destitute and the dispossessed. Under the stance of Judith Butler’s theories of mourning and violence, my analysis has a two-fold aim: to discuss issues of the Victorian past such as venereal disease, prostitution and gender violence in the text, and to question to what extent the novel can be an attempt to hear the voices of the victims of sexual exploitation, giving them restoration and agency. However, my conclusion is that the text does not grant the victims of sexual exploitation real voice or agency.</p> María Isabel Romero Ruiz Copyright (c) 2021 María Isabel Romero Ruiz 2021-11-09 2021-11-09 42 155 177 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.155-177 “Love is the mystery inside this walking”: Anne Carson on the Road to Compostela <p>This paper explores Anne Carson’s “Kinds of Water: An Essay on the Road to Compostela,” the author’s journal on her pilgrimage to Santiago. Taking water as a metaphor for the Camino, the text reflects the creative dimension of the pilgrimage both from an artistic and personal standpoint. Alternative discourses of the female writer and pilgrim occur in a text that is an essay and a meditation on the forms of resilience put into practice by Carson after facing a series of personal losses. The progressive construction of self-knowledge is seen as an emancipatory act that transcended Carson’s mourning period in her experience, which she took as an opportunity to embrace personal transformation. I suggest that my approach can bring useful perspectives not only to further and refine knowledge on Carson in Spain but also for the consideration of resilience as an aspect that contributes to the critical understanding of narratives of individual and social transformation.</p> Carmen García Navarro Copyright (c) 2021 Carmen García Navarro 2021-11-09 2021-11-09 42 179 197 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.179-197 Celebrating Cultural Hybridity Through Storytelling: Othello as a Borderlands Character in Caryl Phillips’ The Nature of Blood <p>This paper provides a new approach to Othello’s story in Caryl Phillips’ polyphonic novel <em>The Nature of Blood</em> (1997). The fictional Othello finds himself at the crossroads between different cultures and is struggling to define his identity. Making use of Gloria Anzaldúa’s borderlands theory as exposed in her work <em>Borderlands/La Frontera </em>(1987), this study explores Phillips’ Othello as a borderlands character. Accordingly, it is the purpose of this paper to demonstrate that, as a borderlands character-narrator, Othello succeeds in bringing together the two hitherto conflicting cultures that he knows (Africa and Venice) through storytelling. Indeed, his narrative proves a transborder testimony that contributes to creating a debate forum where cultural hybridity is where cultural hybridity is celebrated.&nbsp;</p> Alejandro Nadal-Ruiz Copyright (c) 2021 Alejandro Nadal Ruiz 2021-11-09 2021-11-09 42 199 215 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.199-215 “I would have to be mad to leave this bed.” A Female Heterotopia of Self-confinement in Sue Townsend’s The Woman Who Went to Bed for a Year <p>What happens when a woman, housewife and mother, decides to take to her room and stay in bed for a whole year? This scarcely plausible proposition opens the last published work by the late British author Sue Townsend. This paper aims to explain the main coordinates of the narrative by using Foucault’s concept of heterotopia; an effective, theoretical tool when applied to the analysis of a contained, physical space which is eventually turned into a site of contestation by means of the protagonist’s self-imposed confinement. This implies further questioning on the degree of agency she displays within her environment and, in addition, raises doubts about whether the novel responds to a feminist stance on the part of the author or to a literary depiction of her unavoidable withdrawal from the outside world due to her personal circumstances.</p> Nieves de Mingo Izquierdo Copyright (c) 2021 Nieves de Mingo Izquierdo 2021-11-09 2021-11-09 42 217 237 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.217-237 Dante’s Influence on Seamus Heaney’s Poetry on the Troubles in Northern Ireland: “The Strand at Lough Beg,” “An Afterwards” and “Ugolino” <p>Dante’s <em>Divine Comedy</em> had an enormous influence on Seamus Heaney’s <em>oeuvre</em>, especially from <em>Field Work</em> (1979) onwards. Heaney exploits the great Dantean epic poem to create a framework that allows him to contextualise some of the most painful political and social episodes in Irish history, namely the Great Hunger and the secular clashes between Protestants and Catholics. Heaney pays special attention to the problems originating from the outburst of the atavistic and sectarian violence—euphemistically known as “the Troubles”—between the unionist and nationalist communities in Northern Ireland as from 1969, causing great suffering and wreaking havoc on the Northern Irish population for decades.</p> Juan José Cogolludo Díaz Copyright (c) 2021 Juan José Cogolludo Díaz 2021-11-09 2021-11-09 42 239 260 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.239-260 Reflexive Identity Construction in South Asian American Diaspora in Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Namesake <p>Cultural identity in contemporary diasporic communities is dynamic, multifaceted, and cyclical. In the age of reflexive modernity, it is imperative to think about new ways of conceptualizing the experience of individuals straddling multiple geographies. A model of identity for such individuals should not only explain the plurality of “being” but also the fluidity of “becoming.” In this article, the question of multiple and shifting identities of the four main characters in Jhumpa Lahiri’s intergenerational novel, <em>The Namesake</em>, is explored using an interdisciplinary model from the field of business management based on Giddens’ theorization of reflexivity. The inward reflexive relationship between the “self” and the “other” through the discursive articulation of the ontological journey of the novel’s characters highlights the complex nature of diasporic identity construction.</p> Muqarram Khorakiwala Copyright (c) 2021 Muqarram Khorakiwala 2021-11-09 2021-11-09 42 261 281 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.261-281 Deeds and Words: The Holloway Jingles and the Fight for Female Suffrage <p>This article explores the importance of the written word of the <em>Holloway Jingles</em> in the fight for female suffrage through the analysis of the Foreword, “There’s a Strange Sort of College” and “L’Envoi.” Firstly, it will focus on the importance of writing as a venting tool for the suffragettes and it will demonstrate the idealization of imprisonment in the collection by comparing it to realistic and autobiographical accounts of life in Holloway Gaol, as well as the relevance of such an idealization in order to strengthen the bonds between the suffragettes both inside and outside of prison. Secondly, it will explore the impact of the collection within the feminist movement relating it to Virginia Woolf’s and Mary Wollstonecraft’s ideas, thus focusing on a wider notion of justice and freedom that was essential for their emancipatory fight.</p> Marta Bagüés Bautista Copyright (c) 2021 Marta Bagüés Bautista 2021-11-11 2021-11-11 42 283 303 10.24197/ersjes.42.2021.283-303