Modernity, globalization and development: the role of the Knowledge-Based Economy in science, technology and innovation policies in Chile


  • Carlos Palma-Amestoy Universidad Academia de Huamanismo Cristiano
  • Carolina Guzmán-Valenzuela Universidad de Tarapacá



Knowledge-Based Economy, development, globalization, science policies, Chile


This article addresses the role of the Knowledge-Based Economy in science, technology and innovation policies in Chile. Drawing on a discourse analysis which is articulated in the main policy reports in the area, this paper analyses, first, the process of installation, unfolding and institutionalization of the Knowledge-Based Economy in the country, and how this discourse has become a new orthodoxy. Then, it delves into the process of consolidation (doxa) of the discourse, and the disputes (orthodoxia y heterodoxy) that entails. Finally, the article critically analyzes the role of the concept of development which, along with globalization and modernity, gives rise to the Knowledge-Based Economy rhetoric.


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Author Biographies

Carlos Palma-Amestoy, Universidad Academia de Huamanismo Cristiano

Carlos Palma-Amestoy. Doctor en Sociología, University of Bristol. Afiliación institucional: Universidad Academia de Humanismo Cristiano. Líneas de investigación: Sociología de la educación; educación superior; identidades y divisiones sociales; desigualdad social. Publicaciones recientes: Palma-Amestoy, C. (2022), “Aspiring to higher education: micro-practices, horizons and social class reproduction in Chile”, British Journal of Sociology of Education. DOI:; Palma Amestoy, C. (2021), “Class Analysis and social recognition: Some tentative reflections”, The Sociological Review [Online]. DOI:

Carolina Guzmán-Valenzuela, Universidad de Tarapacá

Carolina Guzmán-Valenzuela. Doctora en Educación, Universitat de Barcelona. Afiliación institucional: Universidad de Tarapacá. Línea de investigación: Educación superior. Publicaciones recientes: Guzmán-Valenzuela, C., Tagle, A.RM. & Palacios, D. (2022), “Celebrating Higher Education’s 50 years: trends, absences, and opportunities”, Higher Education, 84, pp. 1183–1206. DOI:; Guzmán-Valenzuela, C., Ortega, L., Montero, M. & Pérez-Mejías, P. (2022), “The new knowledge production in the social sciences and in the arts and humanities in Latin America”, Higher Education. DOI: https://10.1007/s10734-022-00853-5; Guzmán-Valenzuela, C., Darwin, S., Flanagan, A., Aguilera, A. & Geldres, A. (2022), “(Un)limited choice: analysing the strategic choices of first-in-generation students in neoliberal higher education”, British Journal of Sociology of Education, 43(6), pp. 930-949. DOI:


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How to Cite

Palma-Amestoy, C., & Guzmán-Valenzuela, C. (2023). Modernity, globalization and development: the role of the Knowledge-Based Economy in science, technology and innovation policies in Chile. Sociología Y Tecnociencia, 13(2), 73–93.