Identification of factors that influence the entrepreneurial intention of people with disabilities: A systematic literature review




Disability, determining factors, entrepreneurship initiatives, systematic literature review, individuals


Currently, there is a compelling need to understand the factors influencing the success or failure of new businesses, particularly those created by people with disabilities. This paper, thus, aims to identify the main variables reported in previous studies into entrepreneurship and disability and analyse how they can be used to strengthen the entrepreneurial processes of this population. The methodology used in this study included two phases: (1) a systematic literature review to collect high-quality investigations and extract relevant variables from them, and (2) a bibliometric analysis to present the results. Our main findings reveal a growing interest in investigating issues related to entrepreneurship and the determinants of success or failure among entrepreneurs with disabilities. Although formal and informal institutions have not been extensively studied in relation to the entrepreneurial intention of people with disabilities, they do have an impact on the entrepreneurial performance of this group of individuals.


Download data is not yet available.


Acs, Z., Audretsch, D. B., & Lehmann, E. E. (2013). The knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 41(4), 757–774.

Agarwal, R., Audretsch, D., & Sarkar, M. (2011). Knowledge Spillovers and Strategic Entrepreneurship. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 306, 285–306.

Bagheri, A., & Abbariki, M. (2016). Competencies of disabled entrepreneurs in Iran: implications for learning and development. Disability and Society, 32(1), 69–92.

Balcazar, F. E., Kuchak, J., Dimpfl, S., Sariepella, V. & Alvarado, F. (2014). An empowerment model of entrepreneurship for people with disabilities in the United States. Psychosocial Intervention, 23 (2), 145–50.

Barderas, A., Estrada, J. M. & Gonzalez. T. (2008). Estrategias para la búsqueda bibliográfica de información científica. Educare, 21 (55).

Beltrán, Ó. A. (2005). Revisiones sistemáticas de la literatura. Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterología, 20, 60–69.

Blass, F. R., & Ketchen. D. J. (2014). So, you want to be an entrepreneur? Lessons from the entrepreneurship bootcamp for veterans with disabilities. Business Horizons, 57 (1), 5–9.

Boylan, A., & Burchardt, T. (2002). Barriers to self-employment for disabled people (Report for the Small Business Services). London.

Brush, C. & Hisrich, R. D. (1999). Women-Owned Businesses: Why do They Matter?. Are Small Firms Important? Their Role and Impact, 111–27. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Buendía, L., Colás, M. & Hernández, F. (2001). Las Variables De La Investigación. Métodos de investigación en psicopedagogía, McGraw-Hill. Madrid.

Charles, T. (2016). Factors influencing business performance of groups of entrepreneurs living with disability in Tanzania : A Case of Selected Groups of Disabled Entrepreneurs. Ilala Municipality DSM. University of Dar es Salaam.

Csillag, S., Gyori, Z., & Svastics, C. (2019). Long and winding road?: Barriers and supporting factors as perceived by entrepreneurs with disabilities. Journal of Enterprising Communities, 13(1–2), 42–63.

Dakung, R. J., Orobia, L., Munene, J. C. & Balunywa, W. (2017). The role of entrepreneurship education in shaping entrepreneurial action of disabled students in Nigeria. Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 29 (4), 293–311.

Dotson, W. H., Richman, D. M. Abby, L., Thompson, S. & Plotner, A. (2013). Teaching skills related to self-employment to adults with developmental disabilities: An analog analysis. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 34 (8), 2336–50.

Ekpoh, U I., & A.O. Edet. (2011). Entrepreneurship Education and Career Intentions of Tertiary Education Students in Akwa Ibom and Cross Rover States, Nigeria. Journal of International Education Studies 4 (1), 172–176. http:/

Escalante, C. (2009). Causalidad en estudios analíticos. Ciencia & Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular 7 (2), 87–95.

Fayolle, A., B. Gailly, & N. Lassas-Clerc. (2006). Assessing the Impact of Entrepreneurship Education Programs: A New Methodology. Journal of European Industrial Training, 30 (9), 701–720.

Fernández, A. B. & Miñarro, P. (2019). Personal self-knowledge, a key factor for entrepreneurship in people with disabilities. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 22 (Special Issue 2), 1–6.

Fernando, F., Osorio, T. & Laverde, F. (2011). Hacia un modelo de educación para el emprendimiento: una mirada desde la teoría social cognitiva. 24 (43), 13–33.

García, A., García, M., & Días, J. (2015). Emprender en economías emergentes: el entorno institucional y su desarrollo. Innovar, 25(57), 133–156.

Gartner, W. B. (1985). A Conceptual Framework for Describing the Phenomenon of New Venture Creation. Academy of Management Review 10 (4), 696–706.

González, M.A. (2016). La motivación y el autoconocimiento como dimensiones centrales para el desarrollo de la conducta autodeterminada en las personas con discapacidad. Podemos hacer oír su voz: claves para promover la conducta autodeterminada, Peralta, C. F., González-Torres, M.C., & Iriarte, 127–65. Málaga: Aljibe.

Hudea, O. S., Toma, S.-G., & Burcea, M. (2021). A Non-Parametric Analysis of the Relationship between Business Experience and Entrepreneurial Intention of Final-Year University Students. Mathematics, 9(16), 1955.

Kayhan, N., Sen, M., & Akcamete, G. (2015). Opinions of University Students with Disabilities on Current Regulations and Adaptations at Higher Education Institutions. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197(February), 635–639.

Labie, M., Méon, P. G., Mersland, R. & Szafarz, A. (2015). Discrimination by microcredit officers: Theory and evidence on disability in Uganda. Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 58, 44–55.

Laguía, A., Moriano, J. A., Gámez, J. A., & Molero, F. (2017). Validación del Cuestionario de Intención Emprendedora en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios de Colombia. Universitas Psychologica, 16(1), 1-14.

Lederman, D., Messina, J., Pienknagura, S., & Rigolini, J. (2014). El emprendimiento en América Latina Muchas empresas y poca innovación. Estudios Del Banco Mundial Sobre América Latina Y El Caribe, 22, (1), 1-38.

López, F. (2002). El Análisis de contenido como método de investigación. XXI. Revista de educación 4 (4),167–80.

Mandiberg, J. M., & Edwards, M. (2016). Business Incubation for People with Severe Mental Illness Histories: The Experience of One Model. Journal of Policy Practice 15 (1–2), 82–101. 10.1080/15588742.2016.1109964

Marlow, S., & Patton, D. (2005). All Credit to Men? Entrepreneurship, Finance, and Gender. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29 (6), 717–35.

Miller, D., & Le Breton-Miller, I. (2017). Underdog Entrepreneurs: A Model of Challenge–Based Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 41 (1), 7–17.

Moreno, R., & Tejada, A. (2016). El emprendimiento como alternativa laboral de las personas con discapacidad: importancia de la ocupación productiva sobre la calidad de vida. Libro De Actas I Congreso Nacional Sobre El Empleo De Las Personas Con Discapacidad “Hacia La Plena Inclusión Laboral”, 50-57.

Ng, W., & Arndt, F. (2019). I never needed eyes to see’: Leveraging extreme challenges for successful venture creation. Journal of Business Venturing Insights 11 (April), e00125.

Ooi, Y.K., Selvarajah, C. & Meyer, D. (2011). Inclination Towards Entrepreneurship Among University Students: An Empirical Study of Malaysian University Students. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2 (4), 206–220.;_March_2011/24.pdf

Pandya, R., & Saxena, S. (2017). Gaugin underdog entrepreneurship for disabled entrepreneurs. Journal of Enterprising Communities, 12(1), 3-18.

Parga, N., Vega, J., & Romo, C. (2019). Institutional management: The entrepreneurial intention of the farmers of Aguascalientes. Cuadernos de Administración, 35(65), 31–44.

Portuguez C., M., Rey, C., M. & Gómez Z., M. G. (2009). Estrategias de visibilidad para la producción científica en revistas electrónicas de acceso abierto: revisión sistemática de literatura. Education in the Knowledge Society (EKS), 20 (0), 13.

Reddington, T., & Fitzsimons, J. (2013). People with learning disabilities and microenterprise. Tizard Learning Disability Review, 18 (3), 124–31.

Renko, M., Harris, S. P. & Caldwell, K. (2016). Entrepreneurial entry by people with disabilities. International Small Business Journal: Researching Entrepreneurship, 34 (5), 555–78.

Sánchez, J. C. (2009). Aprendizaje social e intenciones emprendedoras: Un estudio comparativo entre México, España y Portugal. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia, 41 (1), 109–119.

Sarasvathy, S., Ramakrishna, S., Dew, N. & Venkataraman, S. (2003). Three Views of Entrepreneurial Opportunity. The international handbook of entrepreneurship, editado por Z.J. Acs and D.B. Audretsch, Kluwer L a, 141–60. Great Britain.

Shahzad, M. F., Khan, K. I., Saleem, S., & Rashid, T. (2021). What Factors Affect the Entrepreneurial Intention to Start-Ups? The Role of Entrepreneurial Skills, Propensity to Take Risks, and Innovativeness in Open Business Models. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 7(3), 173.

Sung, S. Il, & Duarte, S. (2015). El perfil del emprendedor y los estudios relacionados a los emprendedores Iberoamericanos. Revista Internacional de Investigación En Ciencias Sociales, 11(2), 291–314.

Syahid-Z., F. A., Fauzia, Z., Marzuq, F. N., Machfiroh, R. & Asumia, I. A. (2017). Empowering self potential in the enhancement of business management for people with disabilities in Bandung. Advanced Science Letters 23 (11), 10774–76.

Tebes, G., Denis P., P., B., & Olsina, L. (2019). Especificación del modelo de proceso para una revisión sistemática de literatura. XXII Ibero-American Conference on Software Engineering, CIbSE 2019, núm. June: 391–404.

Uddin, A., & Ahsan, S. (2015). Entrepreneurial barriers faced by disabled in India. Asian Social Science, 11(24), 72–78.

Van Clouse, G.H. (1990). A Controlled Experiment Relating Entrepreneurial Education to Students Start-Up Decisions. Journal of Small Business Management, 28 (2), 45–53.

Van Niekerk, L., Lorenzo, T., & Mdlokolo, P. (2006). Understanding partnerships in developing disabled entrepreneurs through participatory action research. Disability and Rehabilitation, 28(5), 323–331.

Varela, R., Moreno, J. A., Soler, J. D., Pereira, F., Osorio, F. F., Gómez, E., López, M., Parra, L. D., Buelvas, P., Peñuela L., J. D., & Gómez, L. (2020a). Dinámica de la Actividad Empresarial en Colombia, Luis Eduardo Vélez Rodríguez–Asterisco Editores, Ed.; Universida.

World Health Organization. (2011). Informe mundial sobre la discapacidad.

World Health Organization. (2017). 10 facts on disability.




How to Cite

López Torres, H. D., Pérez Cano, A. P., & García Pineda, V. (2024). Identification of factors that influence the entrepreneurial intention of people with disabilities: A systematic literature review. Sociología Y Tecnociencia, 14(1), 15–42.