Sociology and Technoscience 2021-05-15T14:17:15+02:00 Jesús A. Valero Matas Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>SOCIOLOGY AND TECHNOSCIENCE</em> (E-ISSN 1989-8487)</strong>. <em>Sociología y tecnociencia</em> [third season] is a journal sponsored by the Universidad de Valladolid. It basic purpose is to fill a critical gap in Sociology. The central aim of the journal Sociology and Technoscience is to study, understand and analyze the social influence of the various scientific and technological or technoscientific activities (especially Sociology of Health and Sociology of Science and Technology).&nbsp;Sociology and Technoscience has a biannual periodicity and it follows the usual mechanisms of the academic journals.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Present and Future of STEM Training: Challenges and Defiance 2021-03-04T18:21:44+01:00 URSULA ANDREA HARMAN CANALLE <p>Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) training is well known to have an impact on people's education and future employment. In the educational field, STEM knowledge is crucial to strengthen those indispensable skills of today, such as creativity and innovation, problem solving, critical thinking, digital literacy, among others. Such learned knowledge and skills also increase students' interest and motivation to pursue STEM-related careers, which are vital in today's workforce.</p> 2021-03-01T21:55:17+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## STEM+H experiences in officials’ schools in Medellín: factors that prevail in its implementation 2021-03-04T18:21:45+01:00 LINA CANO DAVID MONTES BERMÚDEZ VALERIA DÍAZ ARANGO <p>Medellín: territorio STEM+H arises as an educational proposal for the public schools of Medellín, Colombia, which seeks to improve STEM practices in the city through an alliance between university, company, state, which together with administrators and teachers promote the development of curricular integration of STEM disciplines. Under the qualitative method, this article analyzes 201 interviews applied to teachers and directors of 72 public schools in the city of Medellín to identify the state of the development of STEM + H experiences through the technique of content analysis frequency. The results suggest that there is great interest on the part of teachers in the implementation of these experiences. There is evidence of a great contribution from institutions such as Parque Explora and MOVA in the elaboration of extracurricular projects and the media técnica programs offered by SENA. However, the curricular integration of experiences in schools requires greater leadership by administrators, while experiences require improvements in relation to moments of immersion and teacher training that evidences the approaches of an education with a focus. STEM + H.</p> 2021-01-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## How do we ensure that STEM career education is training the professionals who need STI policies oriented towards global challenges? Reflections on the role of the humanities and social sciences in the formation of interdisciplinary perspectives 2021-03-04T18:21:45+01:00 GIANCARLO MARCONE FLORES <p>This article seeks to provide a vision on how to overcome the traditional division between STEM disciplines and the social and human sciences based on the reflection on the alignment that STEM education should have with STI policies oriented towards the great global challenges. We will discuss the paradigm shift in the direction of STI policies and STEM education. Also, we will reflect on how the emphasis on multivariate and multicausal analysis of global challenges allows us to deepen the understanding of the interconnectivity between the humanities and the social sciences with the STEM disciplines.</p> 2021-01-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The perception of STEM training among university women. Descriptive study of the Palencia Campus of the University of Valladolid 2021-03-04T18:21:45+01:00 JAVIER CALLEJO MAUDES JESUS ALBERTO VALERO-MATAS MARI CARMEN FERNÁNDEZ TIJERO JESUS ORTEGO OSA <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The gender gap is an obvious fact within STEM studies. The Spanish case reflects a deep division by gender in access to different professional careers with masculinized enrollments in most of the STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) degrees and a feminization of the Social Sciences and Humanities degrees.</p> <p>Behind this division there are social and cultural elements, but there are also other motivations that could be behind the rejection of women to these studies that are going to be widely demanded by the labor market in the future.</p> <p>The objective of this study is to recognize what elements influence the perception of STEM subjects among women in the specific case of the different University Schools of the Palencia Campus of the University of Valladolid</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2021-01-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## STEAM, society and university outreach in Colombia: A preliminary proposal from Buen Vivir 2021-05-15T14:17:15+02:00 ALEXEI OCHOA-DUARTE ANDRÉS LEONARDO LEÓN ROJAS, JUAN DAVID REINA-ROZO <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This paper presents a descriptive analysis of three university outreach projects in the STEAM area, in light of the objectives of Buen Vivir. It discusses about the role of the university in society, both from the hegemonic vision and some alternative proposals in the Global South. In addition, the different dimensions of the STEAM are shown and how they can be articulated to the idea of Buen Vivir. Various models of university extension are described, focusing on solidarity outreach from Universidad Nacional de Colombia, that is the way by which the projects studied were carried out with rural and urban communities. Although these were not carried out based on Sumak Kawsay, as they were thought, designed and executed from a transformative critical position, the analysis is possible and compatible. It is concluded that it is possible and viable to manage and execute STEAM processes of outreach within an academy against the logic of the prevailing market, generating concrete and diverse alternatives to development.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2021-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Gender and Social Perspective in STEM Training: Artificial Intelligence Systems for Emotion Detection 2021-05-15T14:17:10+02:00 CLARA CLARA SAINZ-DE-BARANDA ANDÚJAR MARIAN BLANCO-RUIZ JOSÉ ÁNGEL MIRANDA CALERO LAURA GUTIÉRREZ MARTÍN MANUEL FELIPE CANABAL BENITO ROSA SAN-SEGUNDO CELIA LÓPEZ ONGIL <p>This paper presents how STEM disciplines and Social Sciences are combined to generate a database of audiovisual stimuli with a gender perspective capable of training an intelligent system for detecting dangerous situations in women who are Victims of Gender Violence. In the methodology of stimulus selection, it has been composed of two procedures: 1) According to research criteria for those related to phylogenetic and associative learning fears; 2) According to criteria based on in-depth interviews with experts in violence and content validation through the technique of expert judges for those related to fears that have to do with traumatic experiences of Gender Violence. The results indicate that the methodological combination improves the selection of audiovisual stimuli that are part of the experiments, better adjusting to the needs of women Victims of Gender violence</p> 2021-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The perception of stem subjects in elementary and secondary students 2021-05-15T14:17:06+02:00 JESÚS ALBERTO VALERO-MATAS PABLO COCA JIMÉNEZ <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This article tries to analyze different aspects that help or hinder the interest in STEM subjects. For a few years, different reasons have been attributed to students choosing non-STEM studies, looking for an explanation because they do not choose STEM studies. Several reasons, especially the difficulty, in the decline of scientific vocations are considered. This article from the data obtained wants to point out some of the issues that may be the cause of the low choice of educational itineraries oriented to science and technology.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2021-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Production of ignorance and the gender gap in STEM: an approach to engineering education 2021-05-15T14:17:01+02:00 JULIANA ARROYAVE RINCÓN JORGE MANUEL ESCOBAR ORTIZ <p>The study offers an alternative for the debate about the gender gap in STEM fields based on the relationship between engineering, gender, and ignorance. Unlike other approaches to the gap, its focus is epistemic. Its thesis is that gender can be taken as an epistemic factor of production of ignorance in engineering education. To support this thesis, the object of analysis is an extracurricular program employed for the education of engineering students in a Colombian university. Its method of data collection is the charrette workshop</p> 2021-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Investigating electronic government maturity models 2021-05-15T14:16:57+02:00 SEYYED REZA SEYYED REZA KHADEMI1SEYYED MOUSA KHADEMI <p>Electronic government is one of the most important phenomena in the use of information and communication technology, the implementation of which has a profound change in the way of life, administration and leadership of countries and is a combination of information technology and web information network, which aims to provide direct services to citizens, government employees, businesses and other government departments. The purpose of this study is to investigate the maturity models of electronic government. In the present study, the review method has been used to investigate different models of e-government maturity. After reviewing all the models, it was determined that four factors have been considered in the majority of them, which are: 1) presence at the web level, 2) The interaction of government and citizens, 3) transaction and 4) integration.</p> 2021-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Influence of Women Political Participation in Parliament Correlates to Gender Issues in Indonesia 2021-05-15T14:16:52+02:00 REZKI SATRIS KINANTI RIZSA SABILLA <p>This paper discussed the influence of gender political participation in parliament in advocating gender issues. The quantity of women representation in parliament was increasing according to election contestation. Meanwhile, the concept of representation of women by adopting from Anne Philips mentioned that the presence of political representation occurred due to an imbalance between social classes men and women. Recently, there is evidence that women have a role in public. Thus, politic which interpreted as a presence of thinking could be a basis of political liberation for women in parliament by women activists to take a role in legislative.&nbsp; This paper deeply analyzes the influence of women advocating for gender issues. The research method used in this research was a qualitative approach to understanding the phenomena in the background of specific contextual. The result revealed that women have an influence on all&nbsp;policies form which correlates to women's issues through the promotion movement in the level of decision making. In the condition of women, roles could affect significantly on gender issues in Indonesia.</p> 2021-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## New professions and TICS in tourism organizations: Occupations, profiles and skills 2021-05-15T14:16:48+02:00 JOHN ENRIQUE BERMÚDEZ-TOBÓN JE.BERMUDEZ.2019@ALUMNOS.URJC.ES MARÍA ÁNGELE S RUBIO-GIL ANGELES.RUBIO@URJC.ES <p>Emerging occupations and jobs are identified in the new professions related to STEAM areas, within the tourism sector; considered one of the most influenced by ICTs in the last two decades. Tasks that have been proven to strengthen a new business technological value chain, and whose processes are assumed from the company's internal and external logistics, operations, marketing and services revalue the tourism product. In other words, processes that characterize new roles and technological competencies, which must be considered in specialized training</p> 2021-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## E-learning is neither good or bad, nor is it neutral. Some thoughts on the effects of COVID-19 in education 2021-03-04T18:21:48+01:00 ENRIQUE BALERIOLA TABATA CONTRERAS-VILLALOBOS <p>COVID-19 pandemic is transforming today's societies. And the field of education is one of the most affected by the sudden arrival of virtual education due to the quarantine measures. In this context, digital devices have been questioned as facilitators of the implementation of market and privatization measures, but also as the actors that have made education possible at this time. This work is an essay that links the Actor-Network Theory to the analysis of the current controversy on virtual education, with the aim of complexing educational policy decision-making so that it can consider the different actors, experiences and contexts involved in this novel situation.</p> 2021-03-03T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##