Sociology and Technoscience 2020-11-28T12:31:55+01:00 Jesús A. Valero Matas Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>SOCIOLOGY AND TECHNOSCIENCE</em> (E-ISSN 1989-8487)</strong>. <em>Sociología y tecnociencia</em> [second season] is a journal sponsored by the Universidad de Valladolid. It basic purpose is to fill a critical gap in Sociology. The central aim of the journal Sociology and Technoscience is to study, understand and analyze the social influence of the various scientific and technological or technoscientific activities (especially Sociology of Health and Sociology of Science and Technology).&nbsp;Sociology and Technoscience has a biannual periodicity and it follows the usual mechanisms of the academic journals.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Thematic Editors</strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Dra. Ursula Andrea Harman Canalle.Pontificia Universidad Católica de Perú. Perú.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Dr. Jesús A. Valero Matas. Gir Trans Real Lab, Universidad de Valladolid. Spain</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p><em><strong>CALL FOR PAPERS</strong></em></p> <p><strong>PRESENT AND FUTURE OF STEM TRAINING: challenges and goals</strong></p> <p><strong>Deadline for receipt of articles: November 15, 2020</strong></p> <p><strong>Publication date: January 2021</strong></p> <p><strong>Scope</strong></p> <p>STEM Training (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics), is a concept widely used in scientific literature since it was coined in the 90s. The focus of this concept is clearly interdisciplinary and eminently practical, as a way to solve from science the future challenges of society.</p> <p>The little literature in Spanish generates uncertainties in topics such as the characteristics of STEM training both in primary and secondary studies, in university or in the connection between education and the workplace. This last aspect is especially important because a large part of current and future market niches need workers trained in STEM.</p> <p>Lastly, it is also necessary to reflect on the role of the social sciences and humanities within this STEM training and how it will be based on attending to the needs of today's societies and facing the great challenges that arise in the future.</p> <p><strong>Topics</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">Current situation of STEM training.</li> <li class="show">Teaching STEM subjects in primary and secondary education.</li> <li class="show">Training needs of teachers in STEM subjects.</li> <li class="show">STEM and society training.</li> <li class="show">Needs for STEM profiles in the job market.</li> <li class="show">Role of social sciences and humanities in STEM training.</li> <li class="show">Art and creativity in STEM training. The concept of STEAM training.</li> <li class="show">STEM and gender training.</li> <li class="show">STEM in university studies</li> </ul> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p><a href=""><img src="" alt="" width="78" height="24"></a>&nbsp; &nbsp;<a href=";tip=sid&amp;clean=0"><img src="" alt="" width="16" height="16"></a>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;<a href=";Word=cauriensia"><img src="" alt="" width="100" height="35"></a>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</em></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> Inequalities, (des) skills and desires: how to explain the relationship people / machines? 2020-07-13T16:58:37+02:00 LUCILA DIDIER <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The purpose of this article is to shed light on the human / machine relationship and on the current sociotechnical phenomenon. The technique has been present in societies forever, however, the explanations of how people and machines are related has had different paths. For this reason, this work seeks to carry out an analytical theoretical journey through two currents of studies about technique: determinism and constructivism. For the study of the two currents equal parameters are taken, divided into three analysis categories: inequalities; des (abilities) and desirabilities. By analyzing both currents from these three parameters, the aim is to understand how the human / machine relationship is explained and, in turn, to generate a starting point for new currents of sociotechnical studies to be developed, focusing on perspectives absent in determinism and in constructivism. It is concluded that while the deterministic currents leave out the subjective dimensions of the technical phenomenon, the constructivist currents do not manage to generate a superior knowledge in this aspect, therefore, this analysis could constitute a starting point for new aspects of sociotechnical analysis.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2020-07-13T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Argumentation in social networks, a brief look at the influence of comments and replicas in the digital context 2020-10-11T17:02:22+02:00 YULFREN JHONATTAN GONZÁLEZ RAMÍREZ <p>Argumentation is the way in which reasoning is proposed with the intention of supporting an idea. Social media as means of digital participation give rise to numerous debates in multiple fields and areas of social incidence. The problem is knowing if any type of participation in these platforms are really valid forms of argumentation. This work shows how to recognize formal arguments (at the structure level) within digital discussions and in contrast, inconsequential comments that do not comply with the form of an argument itself. Given the supposed idea that images do not make arguments, here it is shown how they manage to transmit information that can be considered a type of non-verbal argumentation, taking into account the paper of Marraud (2019).</p> 2020-07-13T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## What model of science, what model of researcher? 2020-07-13T16:58:39+02:00 AGNÈS VAYREDA DURAN <p>This article presents the results of a qualitative research on the imprint of neoliberal rationality in the organization of scientific production, in its objectives and its field of action, as well as in the redefinition of the figure of the young researcher (PhD students and postdoctoral students). I point out that all the transformations in these fields are the result of scientific policies, whose most obvious products are the excellent research centres and the figure of entrepreneur-researcher. I argue that the entrepreneurial identity of young researchers and the organizational flexibility of excellent research centres are mutually co-construct and interdependent. Likewise, I conclude that neoliberalized science excludes all those who don’t share the same productive values, and how the system prevents possible disobediences</p> 2020-07-13T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The case of the licensing of a mexican scientific invention and its relationship with university prestige: a reading from Bourdieu. 2020-07-13T16:58:39+02:00 FELIPE ALVARADO-MORENO <p>In Mexico there are very few public universities that obtain patent certificates and extremely few of those make it to the business sector.&nbsp; The objective of this document is to describe and explain the case of the licensing of an academic patent, applying as a theoretical-conceptual framework the Field Theory of Pierre Bourdieu. The analysis focuses on the differentiation of perspectives and interests between the actors involved: the inventor, the licensing university and the licensee entrepreneur. &nbsp;In the end, the social impact of scientific inventions (such as the one presented here) when they</p> 2020-07-13T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## On the relationship between history, citizenship, human capital and regional science in Tarapacá, northern Chile 2020-07-13T16:58:39+02:00 HECTOR SOLÓRZANO NAVARRO CRISTIAN ORTEGA CARO <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This is a reflection on the current gaps regarding human capital, citizenship, knowledge transfer and social training in the territory that comprises the Tarapacá region, northern Chile. This place currently presents certain levels of socio-cultural weakness that make it impossible for comprehensive development and the generation of transformations for the emergence of relevant scientific capital and situated economies, in addition to being competitive and inserted in the world, which leads the debate towards innovation, citizenship and the general strengthening of human capital. Now, there are - and there must be - many elements that explain why this weakness exists, including cultural, economic, educational, political, and historical factors. In this sense, the present reflection is an attempt to problematize this deficit phenomenon within Tarapacá, associating it, on the one hand, with a historical perspective and, on the other, with some socio-cultural and educational indicators that account for the indicated situation.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2020-07-13T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## An analysis of refugees' use of ICT: languages and limitations. 2020-11-25T18:35:07+01:00 ROSELLA BIANCO <p>The aim of this work is to analyse the&nbsp; use&nbsp; of&nbsp; ICT&nbsp; among&nbsp; refugees.&nbsp; In&nbsp; order&nbsp; to achieve&nbsp; this&nbsp; aim,&nbsp; we&nbsp; have&nbsp; conducted&nbsp; an ethnography,&nbsp; by&nbsp; collecting&nbsp; questionnaires and administering&nbsp; interviews&nbsp; to&nbsp; refugees living in Italy. The results of this research show the way TV and mobile phones are utilized by refugees and how each device is connected to a&nbsp; different&nbsp; language&nbsp; use.&nbsp; The&nbsp; peculiar condition&nbsp; of&nbsp; being&nbsp; a&nbsp; refugee&nbsp; greatly&nbsp; affects the&nbsp; usage&nbsp; of&nbsp; ICT.&nbsp; This&nbsp; is&nbsp; mainly&nbsp; due&nbsp; to&nbsp; the limitations that this condition implies both on ICT and language use</p> 2020-11-10T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Drones for parcel and passenger transport: A qualitative exploration of public acceptance 2020-11-28T12:31:55+01:00 ROBIN KELLERMANN LILIANN FISCHER <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>Civil and commercial drones are on the verge of becoming a key technology of future everyday life. Stimulated by recent technological progress and increasing regulatory clarity especially larger cities are anticipated to use drones for parcel and passenger transport hoping to relieve congested inner city traffic. Despite it is first and foremost the urban population that would be affected by accessing lower airspace, only few studies addressed the public perception of using transport drones. Aiming to fill the gap of attitudinal and acceptance research in the context of drones, the article embraces the subject by presenting qualitative results of a series of five focus groups conducted in three German cities. The analysis of discussions shows that participants were largely ambivalent towards the use of drones, putting special emphasis on a variety of object-related factors (safety and security, sustainability, usefulness), subject-related factors (general perception of technology) and also context-related factors (potential societal implications of drone technology). Framed by a discussion of identified acceptance factors in the context of the present scientific debate and assessing drones’ potential social implications the article provides a profound qualitative exploration into one of the most disruptive and controversial future technologies that may transform both the transport world and urban societies.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2020-11-25T00:00:00+01:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##