Sociology and Technoscience <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><em>SOCIOLOGY AND TECHNOSCIENCE</em> (E-ISSN 1989-8487)</strong>. <em>Sociología y tecnociencia</em> [third season] is a journal sponsored by the Universidad de Valladolid. It basic purpose is to fill a critical gap in Sociology. The central aim of the journal Sociology and Technoscience is to study, understand and analyze the social influence of the various scientific and technological or technoscientific activities (especially Sociology of Health and Sociology of Science and Technology).&nbsp;Sociology and Technoscience has a biannual periodicity and it follows the usual mechanisms of the academic journals.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>CALL FOR PAPERS (july &nbsp;2022 ) (go to announcements)</strong></p> <p>Monograph:&nbsp;<strong>Science, society, technological and communicational transformations.</strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;CALL FOR PAPERS (January 2022 ) (go to announcements)</strong></p> <p>Monograph:&nbsp;<strong>Challenges and defiances of gender violence and new technologies</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Ediciones Universidad de Valladolid en-US Sociology and Technoscience 1989-8487 <p><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Licencia de Creative Commons"></a></p> <p><strong>Sociología y tecnociencia</strong>&nbsp;is licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Reconocimiento-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional License</a>.</p> <p>The journal allows the authors to retain publishing rights. Authors may reprint their articles in other media without having to request authorization, provided they indicate that the article was originally published in <em>Sociología y tecnociencia</em>.</p> Editorial: Pandemics and its aftermath in Southeast Asia <p>It would be an understatement to describe 2020 as the challenging year. Coronavirus swept the globe and over 2.16 million people have died from the disease till-date. Even in Southeast Asia, which has fared moderately well in minimalizing deaths, economies of these countries have either ground to the halt or profoundly slender due to the region’s dependance on tourism and export. In this wake, many research institutions have been working to analyze the impact, aftereffects, and ways to limit the spread of Covid-19. But what have South-east Asia learnt from nearly a one year of responses to COVID-19? A key question, not yet answered, is how to find the elusive balance between economic curbs, public health concerns and attain the right balance between open borders and rigorous safety measures.</p> Arie Kusuma Paksi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-11 2021-07-11 11 2 I IV South Korea in Reconstructing Masculinity as Brand Image of the State’s Economic Diplomacy <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;By applying the theory of Economic Diplomacy by Rana and Chatterjee, Public Diplomacy by McClory and State Identity by Maxym Alexandrov, the main purpose of this study was to analyze the reasons behind South Korea’s promotion of soft masculinity through their means of public diplomacy, such as K-Pop and Korean drama. Particularly in South Korea, ideas about how to look good as ‘a man’ are changing attitudes and also influencing the world. &nbsp;The study has applied phenomenology methodology and qualitative research methods to understand the contemporary international relations phenomenon which are soft masculinity and economic diplomacy. The unit of analysis examined as the subject is ‘South Korean government’ and the unit of explanation were the driving factors of why South Korea promotes soft masculinity. The data were taken from the secondary sources such as various books, journals, reports, as well as documents from different relevant websites and a comprehensive and systematic analysis were applied. &nbsp;It was found that soft masculinity as an image that is promoted through the public diplomacy tool of South Korea, such as K-Pop creates the appeal of the country towards the global audience as it is a rarity. South Korea has become the front liner of soft masculinity by incorporating the image through its economic diplomacy. This research further reveals that South Korea promotes soft masculinity in its K-Pop product because the country is utilizing the uniqueness of soft masculinity as its brand image to enhance its economic diplomacy for its cosmetic industry</p> Nur Azizah Ainun Dwiyanti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-07 2021-11-07 11 2 1 22 10.24197/st.2.2021.1-22 Social Capital and Social Trust: The State's Response in Facing the Spread of COVID-19 in Indonesia <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The main purpose of this study was to analyze the steps taken by the Indonesian government to implement different policies for its fight against COVID-19. The Indonesian government has taken various measures, most pertinently Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB), to reduce the spread of the COVID-19 cases. This study used a qualitative approach as a contextual study that sought to emphasize the meaning of a phenomenon in a COVID-19 pandemic situation. The purpose of qualitative research was to make a complex picture. Data analyzed were obtained from various sources, including the internet, such as online media and social media, and related literature.&nbsp; Data were collected utilizing the Ncapture for the Nvivo feature. The time taken for analysis was from March to May 2020. In conducting the analysis, this study also used Nvivo 12 Plus software. This research reveals that the government policies, most importantly Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB), triggered a decline in the public confidence. The increase in the number of positive cases of COVID-19 in various regions up to May 2020 has made government policies deemed not running optimally. Further, the crisis of confidence affects the community’s participatory pattern in combating the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Findings from this research suggest the need for a study on how government policies can work well and also supported by the public trust.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Tawakkal Baharuddin Sjafri Sairin Hasse Jubba Zuly Qodir Achmad Nurmandi Mega Hidayati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-07 2021-11-07 11 2 23 47 10.24197/st.2.2021.23-47 Democracy without Contestation: The Victory of the Empty Box in the Local Election of Makassar City, South Sulawesi Indonesia in 2018 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This study aims to explore how the political dynamics in the local election of Makassar City in 2018. In particular, this study reconnoitered the causes of the victory of empty box and analyze the role of political parties and incumbents in the candidacy process and election. Qualitative research methods were used in this research. Documentation was carried out to obtain data related to actor networks in the local election, vote acquisition, election regulations and as well as political party support in the local election, which is obtained from books, journals and news in the mass media. In addition, FGD was carried out from stakeholders inviting academics, students and NGO activists to obtain data and interpretations of the collected data. Qualitative descriptive analysis was carried out by interpreting the collected data, verifying and generalizing the data to conclude this research. This research revealed that the empty box in the local election of Makassar City is actually not an empty box, nonetheless it is the representation of the incumbent who was disqualified from the local elections. Most of the political parties supported the sole candidate formally. It was found that there was a difference between party policy at the local level and party policies at the national level. Further, the party decision making was found to be centralized.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Titin Purwaningsih Bambang Eka Cahya Widodo ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-07 2021-11-07 11 2 48 71 10.24197/st.2.2021.48-71 Sovereignty in Crisis: Deterritorialization Of State Sovereignty After Tsunami Aceh 2004 <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The main purpose of this study was to analyze how the concept of state sovereignty is experiencing a crisis due to a major natural disaster. By using the illustration of the 2004 Aceh earthquake and tsunami, the concept of state sovereignty has been explored in the abnormal situation arising from the disaster as the state was unable to carry out its functions and authorities properly. This article used qualitative approach to explore the dynamic relations or network between agency (material or non-material, such as state, NGO, International organization, media, norms, military equipment, army, natural resources etc); which construct sovereignty assemblage. The territorialization and deterritorialization of sovereignty is investigated by seeing four dimensions proposed by Baker and McGuirk. This article demonstrates that sovereignty is very dynamic, and its definition is constructed and continuously through mechanisms engaging multiple actors and specific processes. This research found that the state conception of sovereignty before and after the disaster has been so dynamic, constructed and reconstructed overtime, which is influenced by the dimension of multiplicity, processualism, labor, and uncertainty.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Ratih Herningtyas Nanang Indra Kurniawan Dafri Dafri Surwandono Surwandono ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-07 2021-11-07 11 2 72 93 10.24197/st.2.2021.72-93 The Risk of Mainstreaming Economic Growth and Tourism on Preventing Covid-19 in Indonesia <p>The outbreak of Covid-19 has put serious pressure on the management of international tourism problems and Indonesia, being a tourist attraction, is not an exception. In this wake, the main purpose of this study was to analyze the dilemma of Indonesia’s health policy in maintaining the stream of tourism visitors as well as containing the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic. Qualitative research methods were used in this research. Data collection was conducted through constitutional legislations, press releases from the Indonesian Covid-19 special task force and observations gathered from numerous public facilities which are mostly used by travellers such as airport, train and bus station. This research reveals that that the policy prioritizing to the safety of economic growth and tourism in the global pandemic context is inclined to be more contra-productive to the management of containing contagion. It was also found that the implementation of health protocols and restrictions on social activities is also claimed to be the most and efficient way to contain the contagion.</p> Surwandono Surwandono Muhammad Dedy Yanuar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-07 2021-11-07 11 2 94 114 10.24197/st.2.2021.94-114 Indonesian Forced-Labour Crew in Chinese Vessel: A Human Rights Perspective <p>The main purpose of this study was to explore the human rights perspective of the recent case of forced-labor Indonesian ship crew in Chinese vessels. Qualitative research methods were used in this research. The data will be collected from related documents such as conventions, laws books, legal journals, and others relevant data associated with the main issue of this research. The data was analyzed by using human rights and international law perspectives, as the legal basis of this research. This research reveals that the Chinese vessel violated the Indonesian ship crew’s human rights. This was found to be an act of slavery indirectly and also was considered as discrimination against certain races where their rights as a human being and laborers were kept deprived in comparison with other ship crew members.</p> Yordan Gunawan Mohammad Hazyar Arumbinang ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-11-07 2021-11-07 11 2 115 133 West Kalimantan Border: How Tough Is it To Deal with the Covid-19 Pandemic? <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>Emerged in Wuhan China around Decembre 2019, the Covid-19 pandemic has spread allover the world and Indonesia is not an exception. By taking the case study on the West Kalimantan-Sarawak border area from April-June 2020, the main purpose of this study was to analyze the reality of the pandemic Covid-19 handling in the border area. Further, the paper has explored the causes of the small spread of Covid-19 in these border areas. Qualitative research methods were used in this research. Face to face interviews were conducted to collect qualitative data from the stakeholders. Second, documentation was used to obtain demographic, theoretical, and contextual data. This research reveals that in comparison with Pontianak, capital of West Kalimantan Province, the spread of Covid-19 in the border area was actually less. This phenomenon occurred because of the awareness and knowledge of the people in the border area. The information dissemination about Covid-19 and health protocols shared by the local government were augmented by local wisdom, mass organizations and religions which abetted to control the spread of pandemic.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Wahyuni Kartikasari Elyta Elyta ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-07 2021-12-07 11 2 134 159 COVID-19 and Decent Work: Online Media Coverage on Indonesian Female Migrant Domestic Workers in Malaysia and Taiwan <p>Among all other industries, the spread of COVID-19 also affected the formal labor of different industries including domestic workers at employers’ houses. The main purpose of this study was to analyze the phenomenon that how did full-time Indonesian female migrant domestic workers, in Malaysia and Taiwan, coped with inconvenient employment conditions during the pandemic. This article employed an explanatory qualitative approach. The data sources for this research were from secondary data, which mostly examined data available on online media related to four dimensions of decent work consisting of 1) employment security (losing a job), 2) protection (legally excluded/unregulated workers), 3) vulnerability (physical and mental abuse), and 4) income (low salary). The selected data from both national and international online media were analyzed by using NVivo 12+ software to correlate between the COVID-19 and working conditions of the Indonesian workers in Malaysia and Taiwan. This research reveals that full-time Indonesian female migrant domestic workers, temporarily living in employers’ houses, have coped with inconvenient employment conditions during the pandemic. The findings have argued that COVID-19 caused employment insecurity by limiting potential foreign female domestic workers to find a new job; further, it also raised the insufficient protection that resulted into more vulnerability. In terms of income, COVID-19 also contributed to salary deduction for female workers in Malaysia and Taiwan.</p> Muhammad Zahrul Anam Tulus Warsito Faris Al-Fadhat Ulung Pribadi Sugito Sugito ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-12 2021-07-12 11 2 160 193 Muslim’s Philanthropy in Singapore and the Role of Government <p>Muslims in Singapore are minority under the rule of secular state. The main purpose of this study was to explore the. development of Islamic philanthropy in Singapore, especially regarding zakat distribution or other social worships. Further, the paper has analyzed that if Muslim Singaporeans prefer paying zakat independently or through institution and how big is the zakat fund that has been collected and distributed by Singaporean Islamic community to the recipients. This analysis of the study was based on qualitative research with content analysis. Meanwhile, considering that qualitative approach prioritizes interpretation of the data collected, the data presented in this study is the form of justification of opinions or arguments. This research reveals that despite the fact that Singapore is a secular state, government provide facilities for Muslim spending their zakat infaq and sadakah, through government owned institution i.e., Majelis Ugama Isam Singapura (MUIS) as well as private religion association such as Muhammadiyah and Jamiyah. Fundraising means, such as zakat and sadaqah, are performed using online payment methods like PayNow, eNETS online, and AXS. These funds are then allocated for social programs such basic services and supportive programs for the poor and needy, for building masjid (mosque) and madrasah (school), scholarships and funeral budget.</p> Sugeng Riyanto Moh Nizar Ratih Herningtyas ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-07 2021-12-07 11 2 194 214 Good Governance of Health Diplomacy: A New Agenda of Politics Studies in Indonesia post Covid-19 <p>The main purpose of this study was to analyze how did Indonesia face problems of good governance, especially in aspect of accountability, while conducting the health diplomacy and communication in handling Covid-19 issues. A qualitative research method employing constructivism approach were used in this research. The data analysis technique, content analysis, was used to find out Indonesian government statements, policies and actions to handle coronavirus crisis. The article found that Indonesia government faced serious problems of health diplomacy and political communication with international communities; inter-governmental institution and citizens. The findings further revealed that Indonesia developed the “un- smart”, “un-systematic”, “un-objective”, and “un-visionary” ways in practicing diplomacy and communication in the global health crisis. This shows that how important the good governance of health diplomacy and communication, including preparedness in health disaster mitigation in a country, is to handle such effects of global health crisis</p> Sidik Jatmika Iman Permana Oktavian Rahman Koko Azka Azzahra Salsabila ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-07 2021-12-07 11 2 215 242 Determinants of Poverty in Indonesia <p>In Indonesia, the poverty profile is relatively robust and has become a national problem, especially the inequality gap between rich and poor is widening. In this wake, the main purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that have influenced the poverty in Indonesia since 2013 until 2019. &nbsp;The poverty was measured based on the basic needs approach. The secondary data, retrieved from Central Bureau of Statistics and the Ministry of Finance, Republic of Indonesia, were used. The aggregated percentage of poverty from 34 provinces in Indonesia was employed as dependent variable. Meanwhile, the independent variables were the human development index, social protection, program, and unemployment. Multiple linear regression models were applied to test the hypotheses. This research revealed that human development index, and social protection program had significant but negative impact on poverty. In contrast, the unemployment had a positive but less significant impact on the poverty. Thus, the government must improve HDI, promote social protection, and apply innovative employment programs to alleviate poverty.</p> Dimas Bagus Wiranatakusuma Ganjar Primambudi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-07 2021-12-07 11 2 243 267 Social Medialab: Technology and ideology in socio-community intervention projects at the university level <p>The emergence of social media laboratories, as spaces for experimentation and collaborative production, opens the discussion about the way in which we approach social complexity, especially when dealing with technology and its relationship with ideology. In this text we seek to discuss its possibilities as a practice to rethink the university as an institution linked to socio-community intervention. We consider a deeper dialogue necessary with initiatives related to citizen participation, closer to social movements than to academic culture. We reflect on the possibilities of incorporating the culture of the media laboratory as an opportunity for social and institutional transformation.</p> José Miguel Gutiérrez Pequeño Eduardo Fernández Rodríguez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-07 2021-12-07 11 2 269 286 10.24197/st.2.2021.269-286 Livestock culls in cattle breeding societies of Cantabria, Spain, EU (2001-2017). Quantitative aspects <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>Livestock culling practices have gained visibility since the beginning of the 21st century in line with the development of the Europeanization process and the consequent EU trade boom. At the turn of the century, new legislation gives a good account of this contemporary phenomena and the risk it entails. The different Animal Disease Eradication Plans become more incisive and specific regarding the measures to implement. Without a doubt, culling is the most extreme measure. In administrative terms, livestock depopulation implies the sacrifice of the entire cattle herd - although only one member has been diagnosed positive in the mandatory analysis – transport to the slaughterhouse and consequent slaughter, sealing off and cleansing of the owner's farm (stables and pastures), a quarantine period prior to the replacement (if possible) with new cattle, and compensation. This article examines the application of these measures in the Autonomous Community of Cantabria (Spain, EU), the number of livestock depopulations carried out, the number of cattle slaughtered, the size of herds and categories of grazing affected. That is, the quantitative basis from which to carry out an analysis of the entire sanitation process from a sociological perspective, with certain characteristics outlined to provide a theoretical context.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Jaime De la Calle ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-12-07 2021-12-07 11 2 287 309 Socio-digital intervention: Towards what future do we want to walk to? <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>This document pretends to be an approximation as to how digitalization can modify social intervention due to the recent developments of artificial intelligence inspired technologies. The object of study is centered within&nbsp; the context of social services, and concretely in the figure of Social Work, however, the findings of this study may be carried over to any other discipline that performs its activity in social intervention (Social</p> <p><strong>P</strong>sychology, Social Education, Pedagogy, Sociocultural&nbsp;&nbsp; work, etc.).</p> <p>We will go through the theoretical perspectives and scientific worldviews that analyze the techno-society relationship, with the aim of framing this study and having interpretative frameworks on the social perception of technology. Moreover, we will analyze what the real impact of digitalization is being in the field of Social Work, based on mixed methodologies that combine techniques quantitative (professional surveys) with qualitative techniques (interviews with key informants from the technology sector and the disciplines of social intervention).</p> <p>In short, the research questions that motivate this work have an exploratory nature: assess what the real penetration of information technologies is; what reception they have had between professionals and citizens; and what perception do professionals have regarding the impact on their professional action. A photograph of the present and a forecast of the possible future scenarios that are drawn for social intervention.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Carmen Montalbá Ocaña Mayra Russo Botero ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-13 2021-07-13 11 2 310 325 10.24197/st.2.2021.310-325 From peace to peace(s): the impact of the local participation in the contemporary global concept of peacebuilding. Lessons from Indonesia and Mozambique* <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The current article analyzes the relationship between the involvement of the ‘locals’ in peacebuilding processes and development of the new multi-concepts of peace. In the first part, we present the concept of peace in the international relations (IR) discipline and how, in the 20th century, peace studies were established as a discipline within IR until it became an independent discipline separated from IR. The current article also analyzes critically how the involvement of the ‘locals’ has influenced the contemporary global concept of peace and conflict. In the second part, we present two cases: the Ambon conflict in Indonesia and the recent history of conflicts in Mozambique.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> Idham Badruzaman Gonzalo Vitón García ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-14 2021-07-14 11 2 326 352