Populismo e islam en el Líbano: el intento de usurpar la influencia sunita


  • Francisco Salvador Barroso Cortés Universidad Loyola



Palabras clave:

Geosectarismo; Populismo; Influencia; Oriente Medio Islámico; Nación Islámica; Hezbolá; Líbano


El artículo pretende explicar cómo el factor religioso dentro de la comunidad musulmana ha tomado un matiz claramente populista. Este tema no solo ha aumentado la polarización religioso-política del país, sino que ha posicionado a dicho país entre dos proyectos geopolíticos claramente antagónicos. De hecho, el incremento de la influencia iraní, a través de la posición hegemónica de Hezbolá, ha traído consigo un incremento en cuanto al nivel de tensión se refiere con relación a las comunidades sunita y drusa. Dicho aumento de la influencia de Irán ha puesto al Líbano ante un claro dilema entre el proyecto Chiita del ‘Oriente Medio Islámico’ y el proyecto Sunita de la ‘Nación Islámica’ (Yihadismo, Sharía y Califato) del que hasta ahora no ha sido capaz de encontrar una solución.


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